- By The Editor
The history of the peninsula is extremely rich and dramatic. Thanks to its unique strategic location and natural beauty, the Crimea has always attracted adventurers and conquerors. Herodotus (484-425 BC), the ‘father of history’, famously travelled to these shores. Near Kerch (then Pantikapaion), Mithridates VI of Pontus battled against the Roman Empire during the first century BC. Some 400 years later, Christianity spread throughout the Crimea. Under the Byzantine Emperor Justinian I (527-565 AD), numerous fortresses were built. The year 988 was marked by a crucial event in Ukrainian history: Prince Volodymyr of Kiev captured Chersonese (now Sevastopol) and signed an agreement with Byzantium which introduced Christianity throughout Kyivan Rus.
In the thirteenth century, the Venetians and Genoese colonised the Crimean coast, the latter building a majestic fortress at Sudak which to this day towers over the sea rocks. In 1443, Hacı Devlet Giray founded the Crimean Khanate, an independent state with its capital at Bakhchisaray (where the sixteenth-century Khan’s palace is currently being considered for inclusion on UNESCO’s World Heritage list). During the late eighteenth century, on the waters of the Black Sea, the Ukrainian Cossack commander Sydir Bilyi fought alongside John Paul Jones, the United States’ first great naval commander, against the fleet of the Ottoman Empire. It is well known that the conference between the ‘Big Three’ leaders – Churchill, Roosevelt and Stalin – took place in the city of Yalta in 1945. This event defined the shape of the post-war world.
The Crimean coastline has numerous coves and bays which have sheltered lost adventurers in the past, and some have even become strategic navy bases. Many chapters of world military history have taken place here, with Britain’s being no exception. Naturally, the battles of Alma and Balaklava and Florence Nightingale stir every English heart; but let us not forget Dr Clarke and Dr Lyall, who were among the first European scientists to sing the praises of Crimea and make it known to their countrymen. An English engineer, William Upton, constructed the admiralty docks and aqueducts in Sevastopol, and the architect Edward Blore designed the palace in Alupka, giving its northern facade a distinctly Tudor look.
But Crimea offers British travellers more than just tours based on culture and history; modern day pursuits of bird watching, mountain biking, scuba diving, hiking and climbing can all be enjoyed there throughout almost the entire year. Furthermore, Crimea’s climate and endowment of health-giving resources – 517 kilometres of beaches; 14 deposits of therapeutic mud with total reserves of around 25 million cubic metres; 100 separate springs producing water of a unique mineral composition – have meant it has evolved as a climatic health resort over the past 200 years. During this time, natural resources have been supplemented with clinical therapeutic techniques and sanatorium facilities. As a result, the modern-day Crimean resort is no longer just about recreation and tourism but also embraces a holistic approach to health. With over 600 health centers, resorts and other health-improvement institutions, along with more than 2,000 hotels and smaller boarding houses, there are plenty of holidays to choose from in Crimea.
Going to Ukraine? Be sure you have the right connections!
Only one airline has a route network that covers the key Ukrainian cities, and stretches from Europe to Central Asia and the Middle East. Award-winning Ukraine International Airlines (UIA), celebrates 19 years of service, and is the leading Ukrainian airline, providing access to important Ukrainian markets. Visas are not required for EU citizens to travel to Ukraine, meaning the prospect of doing business there is easier than ever.
UIA’s primary business is to provide safe and reliable passenger and cargo transportation. UIA operates daily nonstop flights from London Gatwick to Kiev, with excellent connections to Dnipropetrovsk, Donetsk, Simferopol, Odessa and Lviv, and a new service between Kiev and Kharkiv this autumn. Further afield, UIA connects London to Georgia, Kazakhstan, Russia and the United Arab Emirates. UIA international flights from Kiev operate out of the spacious, modern Terminal F at Boryspil Airport.
UIA offers full service with affordable fares – a unique quality these days. Whether travelling in economy or business class, passengers enjoy a generous free baggage allowance, assigned seats and a hot meal, aboard Ukraine International’s Boeing 737 New Generation fleet. For business class customers, extra benefits include separate check-in, lounge access and a more generous baggage allowance of 40kgs with the luxury of a spacious cabin and roomy seat.
UIA’s frequent flyer programme, Panorama Club, is free to join and offers regular customers extra benefits and services, including award tickets, fare discounts, and the ability of earning and redeeming miles not only on UIA and partner airlines, but also with many non-airline partners, such as car hire, hotels, and chauffer services from London to Gatwick Airport.