The annual Nation Brands report reveals the world’s most valuable and most powerful nation brands
- China is the fastest growing nation brand in absolute terms, up US$3.1 trillion
- US dominance as the most valuable nation brand threatened by Trump’s presidency
- Asian nation brands boom as the West stagnates
- Southern European nations show double-digit growth, recovering after Eurozone crisis
- Brexit process has little impact on Brand Britain, up 6% from 2016
- Game of Thrones brings record growth to Iceland, up 83% year on year
- Singapore defends strongest nation brand title as it continues to invest in its citizens
In recognition of the growing influence of national image on the success of corporate brands, Brand Finance has evaluated the 100 most valuable nation brands of 2017. Founded in 1996, Brand Finance is a leading independent branded business valuation and strategy consultancy. It has revealed the following:
The Rise of Brand China
China is the fastest-growing nation brand of 2017 in absolute terms, with a change of over US$3.1 trillion year-on-year. This figure is equal to the entire nation brand value of the UK, which illustrates just by how much China is outpacing other countries.
In relative terms, China’s nation brand value grew 44 per cent year-on-year, or at a 20-times faster pace than the United States’. However, at US$10.2 trillion, China’s nation brand value is still only half that of America’s and sustaining growth will be key to narrow the gap.
The nineteenth National Congress of the Communist Party of China marked the end of the Central Committee’s five-year term which has seen a revolutionary change in China’s approach to brands. At the previous congress in 2012, President Xi Jinping declared that China should no longer only be a place to produce components for Western products. Instead, it should build its own world-renowned brands.
Now, Chinese companies make up 50 of the Global 500 most valuable brands, increasing from only eight in 2008. Chinese brands lead in four sectors – banks (ICBC), spirits (Moutai), insurance (PingAn), real estate (Dalian Wanda) – as opposed to zero in 2008. The country also celebrates an annual Chinese Brands Day on 10 May and has a nationwide China Council for Brand Development, dedicated to research on brand building and brand evaluation.
In a virtuous circle, Chinese brands and the transformed national image of China as an emerging global power are reinforcing each other and further add to the country’s attractiveness to investors and tourists.
The Trump Effect
With a value of US$21.1 trillion, the United States remains the most valuable nation brand in the world but the meagre growth of 2 per cent year-on-year is putting its dominance at risk in the long run.
The US’ nation brand value’s stagnation can be attributed to macroeconomic challenges, like the declining participation rate caused by the mass-retirement of baby boomers, ultimately contributing to a slow pace of GDP growth compared to previous expansions.
However, perceptions of Donald Trump’s presidency are not exactly helping Brand America either. Trump’s administration is seen as increasingly unpredictable and although tax relief promises can boost FDI in the short run, a failure to fulfil them, considering that many propositions of new legislation fell through in Congress, will make investors’ confidence disappear.
America’s image in the world is also waning. Sabre rattling in the Middle East and Asia, closing borders to migrants and refugees, and breaching global commitments in relation to climate change, have all seriously undermined the US’ global leadership. Recovering that influence in the future may be close to impossible.
East and West: Trading Places
The dynamic between American and Chinese nation brands is mirrored by the broader trends of Western stagnation and Asian advance. Established European nation brands, such as Germany, Netherlands, Belgium, Switzerland, Sweden, Austria, record either a decline or a negligible growth of value. At the same time, Asian nation brands grow at breakneck speed.
Vietnam, the Philippines, Thailand and South Korea have all added between 37-43 per cent to their nation brand value. Vietnam received approximately US$12.5 billion in foreign direct investment thus far this year, up 13.4 per cent from the same period in 2016. The Philippines is experiencing China-like rates of economic growth at 6.7 per cent, with trade as well as business process outsourcing as the main driving forces. In Thailand, public investment is expected to rise to 9.2 per cent in 2018 and government spending is set to remain a key contributor to the economy. South Korea’s exports are growing, driven especially by a growth in memory chip and steel product shipments. However, tensions over North Korea and Trump’s threats to terminate the trade agreement with the US cloud the outlook.
From PIGS to Riches
Unlike their sluggish Northern neighbours, Southern European countries can boast record nation brand value growth year on year. Infamously branded as ‘PIGS’ during the eurozone crisis, Portugal (up 22 per cent), Italy (up 34 per cent), Greece (up 41 per cent), and Spain (up 46 per cent), as well as smaller Cyprus (up 57 per cent), have since all introduced necessary reforms and regained the confidence of analysts and investors. Channelling those new levels of trust to a long-term advantage will be the most difficult task of those responsible for managing nation brands of southern European economies. It seems particularly challenging in the case of Spain, which is balancing on the brink following the Catalan independence vote.
Brand Britain shows resilience
The Brexit process has not yet brought the widely expected negative consequences. Brand Britain relies however on the government’s ability to mitigate potential dangers in the near future. Although uncertainty has caused a slight drop in the UK’s brand strength, from a score of 86 to 85, brand value is up 6 per cent year-on-year to US$3.1 trillion. Britain should now engage with the world, especially booming Asian markets, to sustain growth and dispel negative perceptions.
Iceland: Money is Coming
Iceland is the fastest growing nation brand of 2017, up 83 per cent from last year, and may only continue to enjoy unrivalled growth in the near future. The country’s tourism industry is booming and expanding its share of GDP at the expense of the traditionally dominant fishing sector. Thanks to the hit television show, Game of Thrones, which films most of its winter scenes in Iceland, the country has seen a record 1.8 million foreign visitors in 2016, up 40 per cent from 2015. The first two months of 2017 saw a 59 per cent increase on the same period of 2016 and the figure is expected to reach 2.4 million by the end of this year. The increase in visitors brings great financial benefits to the nation. Tourists spent US$212 million in 2016, using credit and debit cards alone, and as the number of visitors is forecasted to increase, so will the injection of money.
Future Looks Bright for Singapore
Singapore has not only maintained its position as the strongest nation brand this year, but with a Brand Strength Index (BSI) of 92.9, it is also the only one to score over 90. Singapore’s reputation for investing in its citizens has particularly boosted its ‘People and Skills’ result, factored in the BSI calculation. The SkillsFuture movement initiated by the government, which allows every Singaporean aged 25 and above to secure S$500 for professional development, helps to maximise the nation’s potential. More than 400,000 people undertook training in 2016, an increase from 379,000 in 2015. The state’s willingness to invest in the development of its people demonstrates a nurturing element that many other nations have yet to adopt.
2017 brand values were calculated using a valuation date of 1 July 2017. For full results, expert insights, and a detailed explanation of methodology, consult the Brand Finance Nation Brands 2017 report.